Protected Area Management Effectiveness (PAME) evaluations, can be defined as: 'the assessment of how well protected areas are being managed – primarily the extent to which management is protecting values and achieving goals and objectives' (Hockings et al. 2006). Over the past 10 years, management effectiveness data have been gathered from 169 countries globally, using 69 different methodologies, resulting in the Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME). As of 2018, the database contained 28,668 records from 21,743 different protected areas. This corresponds to data for 9.1% of protected areas reported in the WDPA, representing 19.9% of protected area coverage. As of 2018, only 21% of countries met the management effectiveness target (i.e. of having at least 60% of their protected area coverage assessed) on land and 16% of countries met the target in the ocean, according to the data held in GD-PAME.
Percentage of the total coverage in protected areas that is assessed for management effectiveness per country
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Percentage of countries with varying levels of progress towards the 60% management effectiveness assessment target, a) for terrestrial areas, and b) for marine areas, as per information contained in the GD-PAME.
In terms of regional differences in coverage of protected areas assessed for management effectiveness, as of 2018, no regions met the 60% assessment target. Only Africa and North America had more than 30% of the total area of their protected area network assessed.
Percentage coverage of all protected areas per region assessed for management effectiveness using different Protected Area Management Effectiveness (PAME) tools.
In terms of the number of records regionally, the highest number is found in Europe, where many small protected areas are found, many of them having been repeatedly assessed and hence driving up the numbers of reported assessments.
Number of reported management effectiveness assessments within UN Environment regions, including repeat assessments of the same site
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