1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Chapter 5

Effectively Managed

There is good evidence that protected areas that are effectively managed will lead to improved biodiversity outcomes. As of September 2020, according to data reported in the Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME), only 28,283 protected areas have an evaluation of management effectiveness reported, which is equivalent to about 11% of all protected areas in the WDPA. The lack of systematic reporting and repeat assessments, and the existence of multiple tools makes an analysis of trends on this element of the Target difficult to assess.

Updated: October 2020

Next update: November 2020

Protected Area Management Effectiveness (PAME) evaluations, can be defined as: 'the assessment of how well protected areas are being managed – primarily the extent to which management is protecting values and achieving goals and objectives' (Hockings et al. 2006). Over the past 10 years, management effectiveness data have been gathered from 169 countries globally, using 69 different methodologies, resulting in the Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME). As of 2018, the database contained 28,668 records from 21,743 different protected areas. This corresponds to data for 9.1% of protected areas reported in the WDPA, representing 19.9% of protected area coverage. As of 2018, only 21% of countries met the management effectiveness target (i.e. of having at least 60% of their protected area coverage assessed) on land and 16% of countries met the target in the ocean, according to the data held in GD-PAME.

Management effectiveness per country

Percentage of the total coverage in protected areas that is assessed for management effectiveness per country

The IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas

The IUCN Green List is a global programme to recognise and increase the number of protected and conserved areas that are equitably governed and effectively managed and deliver positive conservation outcomes.

Explore

Country progress towards management effectiveness assessment target

Percentage of countries with varying levels of progress towards the 60% management effectiveness assessment target, a) for terrestrial areas, and b) for marine areas, as per information contained in the GD-PAME.

Source: UNEP-WCMC and IUCN. 2018. Protected Planet: The Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME), July 2018 version, Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC and IUCN.

In terms of regional differences in coverage of protected areas assessed for management effectiveness, as of 2018, no regions met the 60% assessment target. Only Africa and North America had more than 30% of the total area of their protected area network assessed.

Percentage coverage of management effectiveness assessments per region

Percentage coverage of all protected areas per region assessed for management effectiveness using different Protected Area Management Effectiveness (PAME) tools.

Source: UNEP-WCMC and IUCN. 2019. Protected Planet: The Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME), September 2019 version, Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC and IUCN.

In terms of the number of records regionally, the highest number is found in Europe, where many small protected areas are found, many of them having been repeatedly assessed and hence driving up the numbers of reported assessments.

Number of management effectiveness assessments by region

Number of reported management effectiveness assessments within UN Environment regions, including repeat assessments of the same site

Source: UNEP-WCMC and IUCN. 2019. Protected Planet: The Global Database on Protected Areas Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME), September 2019 version, Cambridge, UK: UNEP-WCMC and IUCN.

IUCN World Heritage Outlook: Tracking conservation in the planet's most outstanding natural places

The IUCN World Heritage Outlook 2 tracks changes in the conservation prospects of the 241 natural World Heritage sites.

Explore