There are currently 238,432 designated protected areas recorded in the WDPA. Most areas are on land, and collectively protect 20,202,743 km2, equivalent to 15.0% of the earth’s land surface. Marine protected areas, despite being fewer in number, cover 27,841,368 km2 of the earth, representing 7.7% of the world’s oceans. However, marine areas under national jurisdiction (Exclusive Economic Zones or EEZ, 0-200 nautical miles (nm)) have significantly more protection (17.9%) than Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) (>200nm from the coast), with only 1.2% of protection.
On average, coverage of marine protected areas continues to increase rapidly since 2016, whilst the growth in terrestrial protection has largely tapered off. The extent of protected area coverage is highly variable between countries in both land and ocean. Information on future commitments collected by the CBD Secretariat suggests that with concerted efforts from governments, coverage of protected areas will increase significantly over the next two years.
Growth in protected area coverage on land and in the ocean (EEZ and ABNJ) between 1990 and 2018 and projected growth to 2020 according to commitments from countries and territories.
There has been a remarkable increase in marine protected area coverage in recent years. This article explores the consequences and meaning of this growth in marine protection.Explore